The following are Alabama's native turtles under the corresponding conservation level.

Highest Conservation
Mississippi DBT
Alabama Red Belly (the Official State Reptile)

High Conservation
Alligator Snapper
Barbour's Map
Flattened Musk
Razor-Backed Musk

Moderate Conservation
Escambia Map
Black-Knobbed Sawback
Alabama Map
Florida Softshell

Low Conservation
Eastern Chicken
Northern Map
Eastern Boxie
Loggerhead Musk
Midland Smooth Softshell
Gulf Coast Softshell
Eastern Spiny Softshell
Gulf Coast Spiny Softshell

Lowest Conservation
Common Snapper
Painteds (eastern, southern, midland)
River Cooter
Florida Cooter
Pond Slider
Eastern Mud

Applicable Law - Alabama Code 220-2-.92 - Nongame Species Regulation
1. Unlawful to take, capture, kill, or attempt to take, capture or kill, to possess, sell, or trade, or offer to sell or trade without a scientific collection permit or written permit from the Commissioner specifically stating what the permitee may do with said species. This section applies to the following:

  • Mississippi DBT
  • Gopher Tort
  • Alabama Map
  • Alabama Red Belly
  • Alligator Snapper
  • Barbour's Map
  • Escambia Bay Map

2. Unlawful to collect or offer for sale or trade any box turtle, box turtle part or reproductive part except by permit (scientific collection or written permit as in (1)). Applies to Terrapene Carolina.

3. Unlawful to collect, harvest, possess, offer for sale or trade any common snapper or softshells with a carapace length less than 8 inches. Applies to the following:
  • Apalone ferox
  • Apalone muticus muticus
  • Apalone muticus calvatus
  • Apalone spiniferus spiniferus
  • Apalone spiniferus asper
  • Chelydra serpentina serpentina

4. Unlawful to take or possess for than 10 legally taken turtles per day from public waters of the banks of public waters of Alabama.


Alabama Map Turtle

Graptemys pulchra

Alligator Snapping Turtle

Macroclemys temmincki

Alabama Red-Belly Turtle

Pseudemys alabamensis

Barbour's Map Turtle

Graptemys barbouri

Black-Knobbed Map Turtle

Graptemys nigrinoda nigrinoda

Common Map Turtle

Graptemys geographica

Common Musk Turtle (Stinkpot)

Sternotherus odoratus

Common Snapping Turtle

Chelydra serpentina serpentina

Eastern Box Turtle

Terrapene carolina carolina

Eastern Mud Turtle

Kinosternon subrubrum subrubrum

Eastern Chicken Turtle

Deirochelys reticularia reticularia

Eastern Painted Turtle

Chrysemys picta picta

Eastern River Cooter

Pseudemys concinna concinna

Eastern Spiny Softshell

Apalone spinifera spinifera

Ernst's Map Turtle

Graptemys ernsti

Flattened Musk Turtle

Sternotherus depressus

Florida Cooter

Pseudemys floridana floridana

Florida Softshell

Apalone ferox

Gopher Tortoise

Gopherus polyphemus

Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell

Apalone mutica calvata 

Gulf Coast Spiny Softshell

Apalone spinifera aspera

Hieroglyphic River Cooter

Pseudemys concinna hieroglyphica

Loggerhead Musk Turtle

Sternotherus minor minor

Midland Painted Turtle

Chrysemys picta marginata

Midland Smooth Softshell

Apalone mutica mutica

Mississippi Diamondback Terrapin

Malaclemys terrapin pileata

Ouachita Map Turtle

Graptemys ouachitensis ouachitensis

Razorback Musk Turtle

Sternotherus carinatus

Red-Eared Slider

Trachemys scripta elegans

Southern Black-knobbed Map Turtle

Graptemys nigrinoda delticola

Southern Painted Turtle

Chrysemys picta dorsalis

Stripeneck Musk Turtle

Sternotherus minor peltifer

Three-toed Box Turtle

Terrapene carolina triunguis

Yellow-Bellied Slider

Trachemys scripta scripta


CLINIC'S NAME:  Riverview Animal Clinic

VET'S NAME:  Alvin Atlas, DVM

ADDRESS 4640 Hwy. 280 South, Birmingham

PHONE NUMBER (205) 991-9580

VET'S NAME:  Linda Knight, DVM

ADDRESS 5628 Old Shell Rd., Mobile

PHONE NUMBER:  (334) 342-6262

CLINIC'S NAME:  Loxley Animal Clinic

VET'S NAME:  Dr. Jerry Bedsole

ADDRESS 5105 S. Hickory St, Loxley, AL 36551

PHONE NUMBER (251) 964-7377