Before administering any medications to your turtles, CONSULT a vet!    

Parasite Medications

Drug Indications Dose/Method Schedule
Metronidazole (Flagyl)* Amebiasis,  Protozoans, Flagellates 50 mg/kg PO repeat in 2 wks
Trimethoprim-Sulfa (SMZ-TMP) Coccidia  30 mg/kg PO  q/24 x  10 d
Praziquantel Tapeworms, cestodes 3.5 -7 mg/kg SQ repeat in 2 wks
Dichlorvos Nematodes 12.5mg/kg PO repeat in 2 weeks
Ivermectin**, **** (Ivomec) Roundworms, Hookworms, Lungworm. Pentastomids  0.2 mg/kg SQ repeat in 2 wks
Chloroquine Blood parasites 125 mg/kg PO q48 x 6d
Fenbendazole (Panacur)    Nematodes, Hepatic Worms, Hookworm, Lungworm, Strongyloides, Pentastomids 40 - 100 mg/kg PO repeat in 2 wks
Thiabendazole Strongyloides 20-25 mg/kg PO repeat in 2 wks
Niclosamide Tapeworms, cestodes 150 mg/kg PO repeat in 2 wks
Sulfadiazine Coccidia 75 mg/kg loading;45 mg/kg sid q 6 d
Milbemycin oxime Nematodes 0.25 mg/kg SQ repeat in 2 wks
Levamisole*** Lungworm 10 mg/kg IP repeat in 2 wks
Albendazole Ascarids 50 mg/kg PO once

*      May be fatal if administered to Indigo Snakes and tri-color ringed snakes
**     Fatal if administered to Turtles and Tortoises
***   Potentially fatal - see alternatives
**** Potentially fatal to Indigo snakes, exercise caution with skinks

Antibiotics / Antifungals / Antivirals

Drug Indications Dosage/Method Schedule
Acyclovir herpes virus Topical  sid /bid
Amikacin Aeromonas, Pseudomonas, Gram (-) 2.5 mg/kg (up to 5 mg for q48 w/fluid support) IM q 72 x 12 d
Amoxicillin   Gram(+) and Gram (-) (broad spectrum Penicillin 10 mg/kg SQ (w/aminoglycosides) sid x 7 d
Ampicillin   Gram(+) and Gram (-) 10 mg/kg SQ (up to 20 mg/kg ) sid x 7 d
Enrofloxacin(Baytril) Pseudomonas, mycobacteria, spirochetes, mycoplasma 5 mg/kg IM (up to 10 mg/kg) (up to 15 mg/kg sid x 3d for URI in tortoises) sid x 10 d
Ceftriaxone Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Proteus  50 mg/kg SQ sid x 7 d
Chloramphenicol Gram(+) & Gram (-)
(Pseudomonas res.)
50 mg/kg SQ sid x 7 d
Gentamicin Aeromonas, Pseudomonas, Gram (-) 2.5 mg/kg IM (up to 10 mg/kg sid x 2 d with fluid support) q72 x 14 d
Griseofulvin Fungal dermatitis 20-40 mg/kPO q72 x 15d
Ketoconazole aspergillus 30 mg/kg PO q32 x 10 d
Lincomycin  Gram(+) (clostridium, staphlococcus) 6 mg/kg IM sid/bid x 10 d
Metronidazole anaerobes 100-275 mg/kg PO repeat 2 wks
Nystatin GI candidiasis only! 100,000 IU/kg PO q 24 x 10 d
Oxytetracycline  Gram(+) and Gram (-) 6-10 mg/kg IM  q24 x 10 d
Penicillin (Potassium G)  rapidly excreted, Gram (+) 10,000 - 20,000 IU/kg IM tid or qid x 10 d
Piperacillin Pseudomonas 50 - 100 mg/kg IM q 48 x 10 d
Silver Sulfadiazine SCUD, abscesses topical sid/bid
Tetracycline  Gram(+) and Gram (-) rickettsia 50 mg/kg SQ sid x 7 d
Trimethoprim-Sulfa Salmonella, Gram(-) & Gram(+) (Pseudomonas res.) 30 mg/kg PO sid x 7 d
Tylosin  mycoplasmids, vibrio 5 mg/kg IM sid x 7 d


                                                ACKERMAN, L. ed. The Biology, Husbandry and Health Care of Reptiles. T.F.H. 1996

                                                FRYE, FL. Biomedical and Surgical Aspects of Captive Reptile Husbandry, 2nd ed. T.F.H. 1991

                                                MACARTHUR, S. Veterinary Management of Tortoises and Turtles. Blackwell Science. 1996

                                                MADER, D R. (ed.) Reptile Medicine and Surgery. WB Saunders. 1996

                                                ROSS, R. The Reproductive Husbandry of Pythons and Boas. The Institute for Herpetological Research 1990